Society for Global
Studies and Research




Chief Editor

Dr. S.K.S. Yadav
Department of Commerce
Meerut College, Meerut
U.P. (India)

ISSN:2277-5811(Print)
ISSN:2278-9065(Online)

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::Society for Global Studies & Research(SGSR)::
List of Volumes/Issues

International Journal of Trade and Commerce-IIARTC, Volume: 9(2020>), Issue: 2(July-December)

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1. Competitive Intelligence and Entrepreneurship Survival in Emerging Economies: A review of Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria

Author: Omede, Nduka Kenneth, Ibekwe, Ezem Matthew, Nte, Ngboawaji Daniel,(Pages:245-268)

Abstract:

The Nigerian marketing environment is enmeshed in escalating competition arising from the effects of globalization, globalization and other marketing dynamics such that entrepreneurship success has become survival of the fittest to keep pace with the changing competitive forces and come to terms with the realities on ground. This study examined the effect of competitive intelligence on the survival of entrepreneurship in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. Three hypotheses were formulated to establish whether or not there is a relationship existing between the two intervening variable i.e. competitive intelligence and the survival of entrepreneurship in Benin City, Edo State. Survey research design was adopted, while data were obtained from structured questionnaire and analyzed using Pearson’s product-moment coefficient of correlation. From the analysis, the results indicated that there is an existing relationship between the variables. Based on the findings it was concluded that for entrepreneurship to survive and expand its market frontiers in the face of the escalating competition in the business environment, there is the need to take a holistic view of their strategies and offer innovative products that can provide customers with valued and satisfying benefits better than the ones offered by competitors and engaging in superior marketing strategies to enhance performance and productivity. The study recommended, among others, that entrepreneurship should identify and prune down unwarranted business expenses without necessarily impacting negatively on the operations of the firm.
Keywords:Entrepreneurship, Environment, Productivity, Competitive intelligence, Market frontiers, globalization, marketing dynamics.

2. Factors Affecting the Academic Performance of Students: A Reality of Higher Education Level in Bangladesh

Author: Khan, Abdullah Abusayed, Golder, Prottoy,(Pages: 269-281)

Abstract:

Bangladesh is one of the developing countries having impenetrable population, though still trying to achieve sustainable goal through the development of education. There were many factors that affected the academic performance of students and these included students’ personal attributes, socio-economic and institutional characteristics, family background, gender and other demographic factors (Imran, 2017). The study is an attempt to understand how to determine the factors that affecting academic performance of the students of Social Science School of Khulna University, Bangladesh. The study was both exploratory and explanatory in nature and simple random sampling method was applied. Chi-square test and bivariate correlation were executed to sort out the relation between socioeconomic factors and academic performance. The study also extensively tried to make a comparative picture and illuminate that engagement in part time job, teacher student relationship, academic participation, participation in co-curricular activities, academic skill, time spent for academic study, plan about own subject, preparing academic lessons regularly all were statistically associated with their academic performance (p<.01&<.05 significantly. The study findings showed that student’s sex, place of residence and family provided educational resources were significantly associated with their academic performance (p<.01&<.05). Considering the reality and outcomes of this study, the students need to improve their academic skill through their self-effort, increasing more academic involvement the teacher student relationship in academic spheres and should be interactive vice-versa.
Keywords:Factors, Academic Performance, Students, Higher Study, Reality

3. Working from Home during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Satisfaction, Challenges, and Productivity of Employees

Author: Rahman, Kazi Turin, Arif, Md. Zahir Uddin,(Pages: 282-294)

Abstract:

Purpose- This study has investigated how professionals are collaborating online working from home (WFH) during COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh. Various aspects of this shift in working culture have been examined like employee satisfaction levels, challenges related to telecommuting and perceived productivity of working remotely during the COVID-19 outbreak situation. Design/methodology/approach- This study has employed an exploratory research design. The study has obtained secondary data from various articles published in journals and conference proceedings, books, news media, website etc. and primary data via an online survey using a set of a semi-structured questionnaire. Convenience sampling technique has been used to choose a sample of professionals working from home (WFH) during the COVID-19 pandemic (n=100). Both sample selection and survey administration have been done through social media messaging services owing to strict lockdown measures. Findings- All in all, the results have shown that most of the participants are fairly satisfied with working from home (WFH) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Work flexibility is the main factor contributing to this satisfaction. Moreover, the majority of the respondents have cited internet connectivity and maintaining the regular schedule as the biggest challenges of telecommuting. Finally, most of the participants have felt that they have been getting more work done at home as compared to on-site locations. Originality/value- This is one of the few studies to focus on working from home (WFH) during the COVID-19 pandemic. The findings have vital implications for working professionals, organisations and HR policymakers.
Keywords:COVID-19 pandemic, Job satisfaction, Remote work, Telecommuting, Telework, Working from home.

4. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman: A Magnetic and Excellent Statesman in Bangladesh

Author: Ali, Muhammad Mahboob,(Pages: 295-309)

Abstract:

Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was a magnetic statesman in Bangladesh. An entrepreneurial mindset in political leadership by Mujib helped facilitate and overcome trials, be conclusive, and receive accountability for consequences. The study aimed towards a search of his perseverance. Research question of this study is how the father of the nation became magnetic and excellent statesman in Bangladesh. The study observed that he was a great statesman during his tenure and he proved his worthiness. But conspirators were harmful and dangerous and had him slain with his family members and relatives who is a great friend and well-wishers of Bangles’ on 15th August, 1975. Mujib was a man of accomplishment; without his strong determination to bring about pulsating change, it is unlikely that Bangladesh would have attained independence. A great leader Mujib, put all of his political wisdom and patriotism for nurturing the welfare of the country fellow men till his last breath but on no occasion, he surrendered before sinful forces. Mujib is one of the political philosophers whose ideology is still valid for human progress and capacity building for organizations.
Keywords:Statesman, Bengalese, Welfare, Father of the nation, Bangladesh, Independence, Excellence, Magnetic

5. Impacts of Covid-19 on Indian Travel and Tourism Industry

Author: Yadav, S.K.S., Qureshi, Mohd. Mohsin,(Pages: 310-318)

Abstract:

India is a geographically vast country and is a tourist delight with a rich historical background and cultural heritage. Tourism is an important economic activity and also a one of the stronger pillar of the economy. In India, travel and tourism industry has been a remarkable contribution to the country s GDP. Not only GDP, tourism has always a huge source of foreign exchange earnings and significant contributor to employment generator for the country. The sudden outbreak of Novel Corona virus (Covid-19) around the globe has became a strong breaker for the tourism industry because of the pandemic situation around the globe will become a cause of changes in behavior and preferences of tourists. Due to this virus threat, tourists have cancelled their programs and this fear has drop down the tourist graph. With the large scale travel restrictions, quarantines, social distancing and lockdown, Covid-19 has given a major impact on the economic development worldwide. Due to resulting travel restrictions and drop in demand, Covid-19 pandemic also impact tourism industry significantly. This study attempts to try to understand the tourism sector importance in Indian economy and examine the impact of Covid-19 outbreak on the Indian travel & tourism industry. This study is analytical in nature and use secondary source of data of Indian companies which is engaged in travel and tourism sector and listed on National Stock Exchange (NSE) & Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE).
Keywords:Covid-19, Tourism Industry, GDP, Economy.

6. Military Intervention in Pakistani-Politics and Indo-Pak Relations

Author: Kumar, Sanjay,(Pages: 319-336)

Abstract:

The first military coup of Pakistan (1958) became the Precedence and paved the way for further Military Coups in Pakistan. Infact, Z.A. Bhutto was the first democratic civilian leader of Pakistan who courageously suppressed the dominance of Pakistan Military prone to intervene into the matters of elected civil authority. The literally meaning of the term PAKISTAN is a land of pure, contradictory to its meaning, Pakistan had turned into the land of impure where impurities such as Conspiracies, Assassinations and Political instability had become the common incidents, frequently occurred into the day-to-day life of Pakistani people. Present paper is an humble attempt to investigate the Military Coup-generating conditions prevailing in the Pakistan.
Keywords:Military Coup, Land of in pure, Genesis, Typology, Conspiracies, Illiteracy, Etiology, Praetorian

7. Major Issues and Their Probable Solutions in Management of Start- Ups in India

Author: Sharma, Akshra,(Pages: 337-344)

Abstract:

Startups have been in the limelight in India for a while now. India enjoys one of the top positions for the number of the Startups opening every year. Alas, little attention is paid on the number of startups that close simultaneously at the same time. Although Startup ecosystem is getting stronger day by day some hindrances still persist in growth and success of startups. Management is one of the key challenges as well as the ladder to Startups success. If management issues are dealt properly the chances of startups success get enhanced. The aspects where management needs full focus are recruitment, key personnel, finances, domain knowledge, etc. The government of India has also come up with plans, policies and various schemes to encourage startup entrepreneurship. The opportunities are right around the corner, entrepreneurs just need to tap it to their advantage.
Keywords:Startups, Entrepreneurs, Startup ecosystem, Management.

8. Social Business and its Impact on Women Empowerment: A Case Study on two villages in Khulna, Bangladesh

Author: Chandra, Dipika, Khan, Abdullah Abusayed,(Pages: 345-354)

Abstract:

Social business, a new dimension for economic up gradation of rural poor people of Bangladesh. It has been paving the way of income generating activities of rural poor women in the country. This study was an attempt to understand how social business facilitates to empower women. The study extensively tries to display a comparative picture regarding different dimensions of empowerment before involving in social business and after involving in social business. For this purpose, Hatbati and Hatalbunia-two villages of Batiaghata Upazila under Khulna District in Bangladesh were selected purposively as the study area. Five cases had been analyzed to meet the objectives of the study. Research question is whether social business is playing an important role of women empowerment? Mainly primary data were collected to conduct the study from February 2019 to April 2019.The study revealed that after involving in Social Business the women started to participate in different income generating activities. Then, they also started to control over income, expenditure, credit and savings. They could then participate in household decision making more than before. Because of involving in Grameen credit program the rate of participating in social and political activities among the women also increased. Their mobility outside home and exposure to media and communication was increased after involving in social business. It was found that in dimensions the women started to become more empowered than before involving in Social Business. However, authors suggested that from these case studies with the time dimension modernization of the distribution of grameen credit associated with modern technical know-how and digitalization impact needs to be incorporated under holistic manner for women empowerment in the villages.
Keywords:Social Business, Grameen Credit, Women Empowerment., Entrepreneurship

9. A Brief Study of Corona- Crisis on Education Sector in India

Author: Yadav, Kavita,(Pages: 355-364)

Abstract:

The effect of pandemic Coronavirus is seen in each area around the globe. The educational areas of India just as world are severely influenced by this. It has upheld the overall lock down making extremely awful impact on the school and universities students’ life. Around 32 crores students halted to move schools/universities and all educational exercises stopped in India. The flare-up of Coronavirus has instructed us that change is unavoidable. It has functioned as a push for the educational organizations to develop and pick stages with innovations, which have not been utilized previously. The schooling area has been battling to bear the emergencies with an alternate methodology and digitizing the difficulties to wash away the danger of the pandemic. This paper features a few estimates taken by Govt. of India to give consistent instruction in the nation. Both the positive and negative effects of Coronavirus on education are examined and some productive recommendations are additionally highlighted do educational exercises during the pandemic circumstance.
Keywords:Education Sector, Impact of COVID-19, Covid Measures, Digital Learning

10. A Socio-Economic Study of Participation of Women in the progress of India: An Ethno-legal Concern

Author: Sharma, Ashok Kumar,(Pages: 365-372)

Abstract:

India is a land of origin of many religions. Religion is the prime concern of the people of the land but in the name of religion no person shall be deprived of his/her dignified life, it is guaranteed by the Supreme Court of India on behalf of being guardian or protector of the Constitution. Right to profess of religion is also a fundamental right with certain restrictions because no fundamental right is absolute. But due to handful malpractices in the name of faith and religion, women are harassed and their basic rights are curtailed this shall rectify through legal mechanism. In the recent judgment the Supreme Court differentiates practice from religion which is protected under Article 25, a fundamental right. It is very significant now mere practice will not have sanctity of religion and thus can be dropped down in relatively easier manner. Crime against women shows how vulnerable they are in our society and effective measures are indispensible for the self realization or women empowerment in India. So far the participation of women is concerned there were just 24, or 4.8%, women among CEOs of companies that made up the 2018 Fortune 500 list. This was a 25% fall from 2017 when women were at the helm of 32, or 6.4%, companies in the Fortune 500 list.
Keywords:Participation of Women, Religious Practice, Women Self Realization, Ethno legal, Crime against Women.

11. Impact of Covid-19 on Agriculture sector in India

Author: Maheshwari, Kanika,(Pages: 373-382)

Abstract:

The agricultural value chain in India has been adversely suffering from the Covid-19 crisis and therefore the resultant lockdown. Agriculture remains a central pillar of the Indian economy. The sector serves the food consumption needs of the entire country, while also placing among the highest exporters of agricultural produce within the world. The sector has been facing its share of challenges in recent years, but few are as severe because the domestic and international travel restrictions during Covid-19.
Keywords:shackled, pandemic, triggered, vulnerable.

12. Uttarakhand Economy: Growth and Challenges

Author: Tiwari, P. N., Joshi, Neha,(Pages: 383-395)

Abstract:

A development vision for the state should include both human and economic aspects along with environmental conservation. Also crucial for social development is the development of women, youth, and children. Therefore, to change the situation of economic and social backwardness in the hill districts, it is important to adopt a well-articulated strategy that on the one hand pursues a clearly stated vision and on the other offers practical suggestions to move forward in the given context of Uttarakhand. The economic policy in India has shifted to issues of equitable growth. This implies that the economy should not only maintain the tempo of growth but also spread the benefits of growth to all sections of the population and geographical regions of the country. This change in approach is particularly important for the hilly regions of the country, as they constantly struggle with underdevelopment, even when the rest of the economy is doing well. This paper analyses the problems of a relatively new state in the hills, Uttarakhand, and particularly the reasons for stagnation in the hilly regions of the state. It also examines the policy priorities that can enable the state to achieve inclusive growth. This study proposes a strategy for a planned approach to rapid and inclusive growth of the hill districts. The development of agriculture and an agriculture-based system that is linked with the growth of industries and tourism can be the way towards inclusive development of the hill regions. This, along with a watershed approach, is proposed as an efficient way to improve land productivity and sustain it. New opportunities are available through the use of quality seeds suitable for hill agriculture and multi cropping systems combined with animal husbandry through cattle rearing, poultry, fishing, bee-keeping, etc. Organic farming and agri-based employment opportunities need to be encouraged. The processing of fruits and vegetables, vocational training for youths, and banking and insurance in the service sector can provide livelihood security and support. Development of all these areas along with infrastructure development and better education facilities can be a direction for sustainable development of the hill regions for better quality of life to the inhabitants and to help halt migration from villages.
Keywords:Inclusive growth, Uttarakhand economy, Infrastructure.

13. Impact of Covid-19 in the Indian Context

Author: Rai, Saumya,(Pages: 409-417)

Abstract:

The comprehensive number of cases and deaths recorded by COVID-19 is 32,795,818till 26th September’20 globally and specifically in India the total cases are 59,08,748. Fear abounds regarding the Novel Coronavirus pandemic and the consequences. There are increasing numbers of confirmed deaths. These numbers are expected to gush when oblique costs due to lost productivity and comorbidities are taken into consideration. The economic implications are thus detrimental not only to public health systems but to trade and travel, food and agriculture industries, various market types and retail chains, among others.If no pertinent vaccine is used and if the epidemiological process is not completely known, it will be very difficult to stop the spread of this virus. The decline in manufacturing sector and how unemployment in India is rising are seen here. Our result suggests that lockdown will have a huge impact in Indian economy. The non-performing assets of banks will increase as unemployment increases, including retail loans. The paper also shows some of the remedial measures that must be taken care of so that there is a boost in the economy as soon as the lockdown gets over. But, there are no situations where the lockdown stops suddenly and it has to be done in stages by keeping a balance between Covid 19 hotspots and economic needs. . Life itself is less relevant without livelihoods. Just as the right antidote to sickness is a healthy body, the right antidote to Covid-19 in the medium term is a healthy economy.
Keywords:COVID-19, Pandemic, WHO, Unemployment, Lockdown

14. Does Foreign Direct Investment in Bangladesh: Opportunity or Threat to Economic Growth?

Author: Tasneem, Sara,(Pages: 418-426)

Abstract:

Foreign direct investment plays a significant role to accelerate economic growth of Bangladesh. Foreign direct investment and economic growth are of vital importance for economic development. Economic growth unpretentiously determines the economic wellbeing of any country. Regardless of robust growth, Bangladesh has to struggle to gain foreign investment. Excessive dependence on FDI and preferential policy support for foreign investors may undermine the interest of domestic investors as well as economic growth in the long run. In this backdrop, the study aims to develop a model to show the adverse impact of FDI in the long run. Following the inductive reasoning approach with critical review of empirical literature and observation of macroeconomic phenomena, the study arrives at a model which explains and predicts how growth can be lower in the long run. It concludes with the recommendation of macroeconomic management, infrastructural development and moderate liberalization.
Keywords:Foreign Direct Investment, Economic Growth, Inductive Reasoning, Domestic Investment, the Model

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